Qatar is an Islamic country and Sharia Law is the main source of Legislation as per the constitution of Qatar. There are many things which are legally allowed to be practiced, eaten or drunk in other parts of the world but are forbidden in Qatar. Same is the case with Alcohol.
Alcohol is, basically, prohibited to be used while living in Qatar. The fact is that it is considered a crime in the Law of Sharia to drink Alcohol in Qatar. If someone violates the law in this regard, he or she may face severe consequences.
Qatar is a beautiful country and has a great tourism attraction for tourists from all over the world. Doha being the capital of Qatar has some very enticing historical and modern tourist sites. Every year millions of visitors visit Qatar who has diversified ethnic, religious, cultural and social backgrounds. According to statistics, Qatar welcomed 2.26 million visitors in 2017. This means that many of these visitors may be expected to be accustomed to Alcohol, and thus, may ask for Alcohol during their stay in Qatar.
In view of the foregoing, Qatar has given some relaxation in such prohibitive Sharia Laws for foreigners allowing them to drink Alcohol in Qatar. In addition to this, there is also some relaxation for local people who are addicted to drinking Alcohol.
The local people or residents of Qatar (Doha) are allowed to buy Alcohol from some designated shops and stores on certain terms and conditions. However, still, they are not allowed to drink in public places.
As far as the foreigners are concerned, they are allowed to buy Alcohol from the Qatar Distribution Company. This is the only licensed shop where a foreigner can buy alcohol in Qatar. They have only two shops in the entire country. The Doha branch is lactated at outskirts of the city in a far dusty area.
Qatar Distribution Company has also very strict conditions to be followed while selling alcohol in the country. Generally, they sell to only those who have the permit of residence which means that one has to have a work contract there. In addition to this one has to fulfill some other conditions also in order to buy Alcohol, like, no objection certificate from the employer, information about monthly income, some advance deposit and a short interview at the company office. Once these conditions are fulfilled, then the person is asked to attest that he or she is not a Muslim. Upon the successful fulfillment of all the aforementioned conditions, a person is allowed to buy and drink Alcohol. However, this permission is also limited to non-public places.
Over and above, in Doha and some other big cities of the country, there are also some 4 and 5-star international hotels where people can go and drink Alcohol.